Prince Charles and the Duchess of Cornwall on Sunday visited a remote Mexican mining town to pay tribute to hundreds of British expatriates who brought football and Cornish pasties to the American country two centuries ago. The royal couple spent the day in
nearby Real del Monte, 60
miles north of Mexico City,
an area nicknamed " 's
Little Cornwall" for its close ties to the West Country. They laid a
wreath at the memorial of a Mexican-British soldier who died in the First World
War, placed the first turf on a new football pitch and visited the world's only
pasty museum. Mexico
Hundreds of Cornish families moved to
and Real del Monte in the 1820s for a
new life working in silver mines that had fallen into decline. They not only
brought mining expertise and 1,500 tonnes of equipment to revitalise the area,
but also British culture, which remains to this day. Pachuca
Pachuca now hosts international pasty, or "paste", festivals and houses an official Fifa football museum to recognise that the country's first club was founded there in 1901, once the Cornish had settled. The city's old clock tower even chimes like Big Ben. Stephen Lay, a spokesman for the Cornish Mexican Cultural Society, said: "It's uncanny, the Cornish influence is abundantly clear even today – pasties are probably even more popular and widely produced than in
Around 350 Cornish miners, wives and children sailed to
ships in the early 1820s, with the first arriving in 1824. It took them 14
months to haul their equipment Mexico 250 miles from the coast to the inland and Real del
Monte in what is remembered as the "Great Trek" in Mexican folklore. Pachuca
Private Vial's father, James, from Camborne,
, is believed to have joined the
diaspora in 1881. "Vial" was an adaptation of Veale, the original
family name, according to Gill Riffat, whose great, great grandfather, Francis
Rule, provided the funds to build Cornwall 's
Big Ben clock. Private Vial, born in 1894, was 22 when he died of wounds in the
Pachuca Somme in February 1916 serving as a gunner in
the Royal Field Artillery. His body is buried at the St. Sever cemetery in Rouen, France,
and the plaque in the Panteón Ingles in Real del Monte, near is a memorial, according to Mike
Kiernan of the Cornish Global Migration Programme. Around 600 of the 700 people
buried in the cemetery visited by Charles and Camilla are of Cornish origin, Mr
Lay said, many of whom died young in the mines. Pachuca
The first day of the royal visit fell on the Day of the Dead, a colourful Mexican religious festival where people gather to pray for and remember friends and family who have died and visit their graves. Charles and Camilla also joined celebrations in Real del Monte's town centre, where they saw traditional altars made to mark the occasion known as Olfrenda and watch an Aztec dance exhibition. Later they visited a local secondary school built close to where football was first played in
. The first day of a four-day
visit ended with afternoon tea with locals at the pasty museum. Mexico
Question 1 (2 points) Indicate whether the following statements are true or false and write down which part of the text justifies your answer.
is called ’s
Little Cornwall because people from the West of England emigrated there. Mexico
b.Cornish families moved to
to try to discover new silver mines. Pachuca
c. Little remains of the cultural influence of Cornish people in
d.On the day of Dead in
there is a quiet solemn atmosphere. Mexico
Question 2 (2 points) Answer the following questions in your own words.
a. What 3 official acts did Charles and Camilla do on their day in
b. How many Cornish people went to
how did they travel and what did they do for the first 14 months? Mexico
Question 3 (1.5 points) Find words or phrases in the text that correspond in meaning to the words and definitions given.
a. Isolated (para.1) b. bunch of flowers (para. 1) c. hold (para. 3)
d. start living in a place (para. 3) e. front part of church/temple (para. 6)
Question 4 (1.5 points) Complete the following sentences without changing the meaning.
a. They joined celebrations in Real Monte’s town centre, then they visited a local secondary school.
b. People say that the soldier fought in the First World War.
now hosts international pasty festivals and houses an official . Fifa fooftball
International pasty festivals………………………and an official Fifa football museum………………………….
Question 5 (3 points) Write a short essay (120-150 words) on the following topic:
How important do you think it is for people to maintain their cultural traditions? Give reasons.