miércoles, 8 de febrero de 2017

New 12-sided pound coin to enter circulation in March



            The round £1 will be legal alongside the new, more-secure coin until 15 October. The public are being urged to use their current £1 coins or bank them before they lose their legal tender status.The government estimates around a third of the £1.3 billion worth of coins stored in piggy banks or saving jars around the UK are the current £1 style. Some of those returned by the public will be melted down and used to make the 12-sided version.

            The new style was announced in the 2014 budget and has been named by the Royal Mint as "the most secure coin in the world".
            Why the new coin is harder to counterfeit?
  • 12-sided - its distinctive shape means it stands out by sight and by touch
  • Bimetallic - The outer ring is gold coloured and the inner ring is silver coloured .
  • Latent image - it has an image like a hologram that changes from a '£' symbol to the number '1' when the coin is seen from different angles
  • Micro-lettering - around the rim on the heads side of the coin tiny lettering reads: ONE POUND. On the tails side you can find the year the coin was produced
  • Milled edges - it has grooves on alternate sides
  • Hidden high security feature - an additional security feature is built into the coin to protect it from counterfeiting but details have not been revealed

            Its introduction will come as a new set of coin designs are also brought into circulation, celebrating the achievements of Jane Austen and Sir Isaac Newton. The Royal Mint said the new designs have a "strong pioneering theme" and will start appearing this spring.

            A Jane Austen £2 coin will celebrate the author 200 years after her death, while another £2 version will remember the Royal Flying Corps. A 50p coin will mark the achievements of mathematician Sir Isaac Newton, a one-time Master of the Royal Mint.

            Dr Kevin Clancy, director of the Royal Mint Museum, said: "This is a particularly significant year in Royal Mint history as we welcome in the new 12-sided £1 coin, with its innovative security features. This year we also mark the achievements of Jane Austen, Sir Isaac Newton and the Royal Flying Corps - all pioneers in their own field."


Question 1: [2,5 POINTS] Indicate whether the following statements are true or false and write down which part of the text justifies your answer.

a)     The Royal Mint will use old coins to manufacture the new ones.
b)    People will be able to know when the coin was made.
c)     All the security features will be known by the public.
d)    The Royal Mint will introduce the new coin as part of a collection.
e)     Sir Isaac Newton once belonged to the Royal Mint.

Question 2: [1,5 POINTS] Find words or phrases in the text that correspond to the words and definitions given.

     a)    to encourage (par.1)
     b)    to be distinctive (par. 2)
     c)    edge (par. 2)
     d)    characteristic (par. 5)
     e)     to point out (par. 5)

Question 3: [2 POINTS] Choose the most suitable answer (a, b or c) according to the text.
      1.  People can use the old coins...
a)      ...no longer than 15 October.
b)     ...until the new coin is released.
c)      ...even after 15 October.

       2. People are encouraged to...
a)     ...keep their coins stored.
b)    ...use their coins as soon as possible.
c)     ...ask the bank what to do.

       3. People will be able to recognise the new £1 coin because...
a)      ...the rings will have different sizes.
b)     ...both sides will have different patterns.
c)      ...of its weight.

4     4. The new coins...
a)      ...will add new security features.
b)     ...might add new security features.
c)      ...needn't add new security features.

Question 4: [4 POINTS] Write a short essay (about 120-150 words) on the following topic:

                        Advantages and disadvantages of shopping on-line





KEY

Question 1: [2,5 POINTS] Indicate whether the following statements are true or false and write down which part of the text justifies your answer.
a.  TRUE “Some of those returned by the public will be melted down and used to make the 12-sided version.”
b. TRUE “On the tails side you can find the year the coin was produced”
c. FALSE “an additional security feature is built into the coin to protect it from counterfeiting but details have not been revealed”
d. TRUE “ Its introduction will come as a new set of coin designs are also brought into circulation”
e. TRUE “Sir Isaac Newton, a one-time Master of the Royal Mint.”

Question 2: [1,5 POINTS] Find words or phrases in the text that correspond to the words and definitions given.

a) (are being) urged / (to) urge
b) (to) stand(s) out
c) rim
d) feature
e) (to) mark
                     
Question 3: [2 POINTS] Choose the most suitable answer (a, b or c) according to the text.

1.- a) ...no longer than 15 October.
2.- b)...use their coins as soon as possible.
3.- b)...both sides will have different patterns.

4.- a)...will add new security features.

US man pays $3,000 tax bill with five wheelbarrows of pennies

          

               Nick Stafford delivered five wheelbarrows full of coins to his local Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) to pay sales tax on two new cars, a haul weighing more than 1,600 pounds. It took staff over seven hours to count the coins, with the office’s automated counting machines unable to cope with the load.
            Mr Stafford collected hundreds of rolls of coins and hired 11 people to help him break them open with hammers, a process which took four hours and cost him $440 (£360) in labour. He also purchased five wheelbarrows at $400 (£330) to transport the coins, bringing his total expenses to $840 (£670).
                Mr Stafford’s dispute with the DMV started when repeated inquiries to his local office went unanswered, leaving him feeling aggrieved, the Bristol Herald Courier reports. Eventually, he resorted to filing a Freedom of Information request to obtain his local office’s direct number, but to no avail - a withholding of information that he believed violated public records law. Mr Stafford subsequently filed three lawsuits against specific employees at the Lebanon DMV and against the DMV itself to obtain direct phone numbers for offices in Abingdon, Clintwood, Gate City, Jonesville, Marion, Norton, Tazewell, Vansant and Wytheville.
                “If they were going to inconvenience me then I was going to inconvenience them,” he said.
                A judge dismissed the lawsuits at Russell County General District Court on Tuesday however the state’s attorney general handed Mr Stafford a list of the requested phone numbers in the courtroom. “The phone numbers are irrelevant to me,” Mr Stafford said. “I don't need them. I told the judge ‘I think I proved my point here.’”
                He paid $165 (£135) for the three lawsuits, bringing his total spend to $1,005 (£825) to obtain 10 phone numbers and the satisfaction of delivering 300,000 pennies.
                Brandy Brubaker, a spokeswoman for the Virginia DMV, said it was happy with the outcome of the lawsuits. “We are pleased that the court agreed with our counsel that the argument was not a sufficient request to invoke the FOIA statutory penalties,” she said. “We make every effort to share information with citizens as state and federal law allows.”
                Mr Stafford said the DMV had to accept his unusual form of payment because the US Coinage Act of 1965 says that coins are "legal tender for all debts, public charges, taxes and dues".

From The Guardian

Question 1: [2,5 POINTS] Indicate whether the following statements are true or false and write down which part of the text justifies your answer.
a)     The money was counted with the help of special machines
b)    Nick Stafford employed 11 people to help him take the money to the bank.
c)     Mr Stafford sued the administration.
d)    Mr Stafford tried to bother DMV.
e)     Mr Stafford didn’t win his case.
Question 2: [1,5 POINTS] Find words or phrases in the text that correspond to the words and definitions given.


a)     To buy (par. 2)
b)    Argument, quarrel (par.3)
c)     Request (par. 3)
d)    Finally (par.3)
e)     To deliver, give (par.5)



Question 3: [2 POINTS] Choose the most suitable answer (a, b or c) according to the text.
1.     Nick Stafford needed wheelbarrows
a)     in order to pay taxes.
b)    so as to carry money.
c)     to collect money.
2.     Mr Stafford
a)     is happy because he could get the telephone numbers.
b)    is happy because he showed he was right.
c)     is not happy because he had to pay.
3.     Brandy Brubaker states that
a)     they would give information if they could.
b)     they always share information with citizens.
c)      they share information when requested.
4.     DMV was said
a)     to have accepted the coins.
b)    to can accept the coins.
c)     that Mr Stafford would accept the coins.

Question 4: [4 POINTS] Write a short essay (about 120-150 words) on the following topic:
                    
                                       How should taxes be spent?



KEY

Question 1: [2,5 POINTS] Indicate whether the following statements are true or false and write down which part of the text justifies your answer.

a. False:  with the office’s automated counting machines unable to cope with the load. 
b. False: hired 11 people to help him break them open with hammers
c. True: Mr Stafford subsequently filed three lawsuits against specific employees at the Lebanon DMV and against the DMV itself.
d.True: “If they were going to inconvenience me then I was going to inconvenience them,” he said.
e. True: We are pleased that the court agreed with our counsel

Question 2: [1,5 POINTS] Find words or phrases in the text that correspond to the words and definitions given.


a. Purchased, to purchase
b. dispute
c. inquire(s)
d. eventually
e. to hand, handed



Question 3: [2 POINTS] Choose the most suitable answer (a, b or c) according to the text.
1. b) so as to carry money.
2. b) is happy because he showed he was right
3. a) they would give information if they could
4. a) to have accepted the coins

US man pays $3,000 tax bill with five wheelbarrows of pennies VIDEO

Just for fun, watch this video about the interview of the "above" EBAU text.



Time and conditional linkers

1  Choose the correct words.
1  You can’t go to the party unless / as long as you wear fancy dress.
2  I’ll go out for a meal provided that / unless you pay.
3  They can have a party as long as / unless there isn’t too much noise.
4  We’ll play football tomorrow provided that / unless it isn’t raining.
5  We’re going to Seville in July as long as / unless Mandy changes her mind.
6  I’ll lend you the money as long as / unless you promise to pay me back.
7  I’ll be there at eight o’clock unless / as long as the train isn’t late.
8  We won’t be able to get into the flat provided that / unless we find our keys.
9  He’s going to get a job as soon as / while he leaves school.
10      I saw a strange girl as long as / while I was waiting for the bus.


2       Complete the advertisement with the correct words.

Skydiving for beginners!

Ever wanted to jump out of plane at 10,000  metres? As long as you’re over eighteen and under sixty, you can.
Skydive offers parachute courses for beginners. 1……………… you are fit and healthy, you could be jumping from a plane in just two days. 2……………… you do your first jump,  beginners complete an intensive training course. 3……………… you know how to land correctly, you’ll be ready for your first jump. 4……………… the weather is bad, you’ll do  your first jump on day two. We’ll film you  5……………… you do it! Interested? Contact Skydive on 0897 6754.


3       Combine the sentences using the words in brackets.


1        Rob will phone us. He’ll arrive. (as soon as)
         ………………………………………………
2        I’ll get ready. You’ll decide where to go. (while)
         ………………………………………………
3        He’ll let you see the painting. He’ll finish it tomorrow. (when)
         ………………………………………………
4        Let’s do something. It’ll be too late. (before)
         ………………………………………………
5        I’ll tell Sue the news. I’ll see her this evening. (when) 

         ………………………………………………

KEY


1.  
1. as long as 
2. provided that
3. as long as 
4. provided that
5. unless
6. as long as 
7. unless
8. as soon as
9. while

2 Suggested answers
1. if
2. when
3. as soon as 
4. if
5. while

1. Rob will phone us as soon as he arrives. 
2.  I’ll get ready while you decide where to go.
3. He’ll let you see the painting when he finishes it tomorrow. 
4. Let’s do something before it is too late. 
5. I’ll tell Sue the news when I see her this evening.

Passive/Active

Complete the sentences with the correct active or passive form of the verbs in brackets.

  1. People stood and watched while the building ……………………… (destroy).
  2. I love this guitar. My father ……………………… (give) it to me for my last birthday.
  3. That man was driving carelessly. He ……………………… (should / blame) for the accident.
  4. Can we play, or ………………… someone …………………… (use) the tennis court?
  5. My car isn’t working. ……………………… it ……………………… (repair) soon?
  6. You don’t need an X-ray. We’re sure your leg ……………………… (not break).
  7. Ingrid hasn’t come out of the room yet. …………………… she still ……………………… (examine)?

  8. This is a great phone. Lots of apps ……………………… (can / download) on it.

KEY
1.    was being destroyed
2.  gave
3.  should be blamed / should have been blamed
4.  is … using
5.  Will … be repaired
6.  isn’t broken
7.  Is … being examined