miércoles, 8 de diciembre de 2021

Bruce Springsteen - Tucson Train



1 Watch and listen to the song and complete the gaps with the verbs you hear.

I (1)____________ so down and out in 'Frisco
Tired of the pills and the rain
I (2)___________ up, headed for the sunshine
I (3)__________ a good thing behind
Seemed all of our love was in vain
My baby (4)________________ in on the Tucson train
I (5)_____________ here looking for a new life
One I (6)_________________ to explain
To that voice that (7)____________ me awake at night
When a little peace would make everything right
If I (8)____________ just turn off my brain
Now my baby (9)_______________ in on the Tucson train
We (10)_____________ hard over nothing
We fought 'til nothing remained
I (11)________________ that nothing for a long time
Now I (12)____________ my operator's license
And (13)______________ my days just running this crane
My baby (14)______________ in on the Tucson train
Hard work (15)_____________ your mind and body
The hard sun (16)______________ out the pain
If they (17)________________ for me, tell 'em buddy
I (18)________________ down at the station
Just praying to the five-fifteen
I (19)_______________ all God's creation
Just to show her a man can change
Now my baby (20)________________ in on the Tucson train
On the Tucson train
On the Tucson train
Waiting on the five-fifteen
Here she (21)_______________
Source: LyricFind
Songwriters: Bruce Springsteen
Tucson Train lyrics © Universal Music Publishing Group



2 Read the song facts and complete the gaps with the following verbs in the correct form.

miss       feature      leave(2)       augment          produce      find       rejoice      direct   be

Songfacts®:
This rootsy ballad (1)____________ Bruce Springsteen singing of a construction worker who (2)____________ San Francisco for a new life in Arizona. The guy had a volatile relationship with his lover, whom he (3)___________ behind in California. However, after (4)__________ separated, they found they (5)___________ each other; now he (6)_____________ that "baby's coming in on the Tucson train."
Producer Ron Aniello (7)______________ Springsteen's guitar playing with strings and horns. The roots-rock veteran is a longtime collaborator of The Boss, (8)________ also ___________ his Wrecking Ball and High Hopes albums.
The black-and-white video (9)_____________ Springsteen and his band, including wife Patti Scialfa, in the studio recording "Tucson Train" live. The performance clip (10)_________________ by Thom Zimny, a longtime chronicler of Springsteen's career. His film credits include The Ties That Bind documentary on the making of The River album and the Springsteen on Broadway Netflix special.

KEY
1. got
2. picked
3. left
4. ‘s coming
5. come
6. wouldn’t have
7. keeps
8. could
9. ‘s coming
10. fought
11. ‘ve carried
12. carry
13. spend
14. ‘s coming
15. ‘ll clear
16. will burn
17. ‘re looking
18. ‘m waiting
19. ‘ll wait
20. ‘s coming
21. comes
KEY
1. Finds
2. Leaves
3. Left
4. Being
5. Missed
6. Rejoices
7. Augments
8. Having produced
9. Features
10. Was directed



martes, 30 de noviembre de 2021

 


CLICK ON THE IMAGE ABOVE AND TRY TO ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS 

  1. What is Giving Tuesday? What does the video explain it is and what does it mean to you?
  2. What can you give on Giving Tuesday? (write down as many suggestions from the video)
  3. After you give, what does the video say you can do?
  4. Complete the following sentence: Little actions can make a big ________.
NOW READ THE TEXT TO LEARN MORE ABOUT GIVING TUESDAY

Giving Tuesday is a day that encourages people to give back in whatever ways they can. It presents nonprofit organizations with the chance to raise even more money than they would on an average day of giving, which is why many organizations create special campaigns to participate in this day of giving.

Considered by many as the day that kicks off the giving season, it directly follows three major shopping days: Black Friday, Small Business Saturday, and Cyber Monday.

What is Giving Tuesday?

Giving Tuesday, often described as a global day of giving or a global generosity movement, is held each year on the Tuesday following Thanksgiving. Since this first annual day of giving in 2012, nonprofits in the United States have raised more than $1.9 billion. In 2019, nonprofits in the US raised more than $500 million dollars online alone.

What is the history of Giving Tuesday?

According to GivingTuesday.org (the official website), this day of giving was founded in 2012 by New York’s 92nd Street Y in partnership with the United Nations Foundation as a day that encourages people to do good. In July 2019, GivingTuesday spun out into its own organization, led by GivingTuesday co-founder, Asha Curran, as its CEO.

When Is Giving Tuesday?

The date for 2021 will be Tuesday, November 30. The date is determined by the Tuesday following Thanksgiving each year. Because Thanksgiving is the fourth week of November, Giving Tuesday either falls on the last Tuesday of November or the first Tuesday of December. In 2021, 2022, and 2023, it will be the last Tuesday of November.

KEY

  1. a global day of giving that’s grown into a movement uniting people around the world. After you get (black Friday) and get (cyber Monday) you get a chance to give. Pay it forward, inspire others, and make a difference
  2. a dollar, a home, a tree, your time, your skills, your voice, find something you care about and give, tell people about it
  3. give and then tell people about it – sharing will inspire others
  4. Little actions can make a big impact.

martes, 23 de noviembre de 2021

Inspiration: What is Gender Based Violence?




Watch the video and answer these questions

1. What does GBV stand for?

2. It is one of the most ___________and ________________ human rights violations.

3. GBV is violence

a) direct and indirect to someone of the opposite gender

b) directed against a woman or girl

c) directed against someone without their gender or sex basis.

4.Which three kinds of harm there may be?

____________ ______________ ______________

5. GBV is most commonly perpetrated by ___________against _____________, girls and other ________________people. However, __________ can also be victims of gender violence who are the perpetrators non partner.

6. Violence is inflicted by someone you do not know well like strangers _________________

or _____________. However, violence is generally perpetrated by someone you are close to

this is known as interpersonal violence which is perpetrated by either a friend or a family member intimate partner.

7. What is physical violence?


KEY

1.- Gender Based Violence

2.- common / widespread

3.- C

4.- sexual / psychological / physical

5.- men / women / vulnerable / men 

6.- acquaintances / colleagues / 

7.- Physical violence is the intentional use of physical force or threats




lunes, 22 de noviembre de 2021

When is Thanksgiving 2021 and why is it on Thursdays?

 


    Thanksgiving being a Thursday dates back to the earliest days of this country. Thursday is just a good day to give thanks.

     Thanksgiving is an unusual holiday because it doesn’t always fall on the same day of the year. But unlike Halloween and Christmas the holiday always falls on the same day of the week, Thursday.

    While this may make planning around the holiday easier every year, many people don’t seem to know why the holiday is scheduled this way.

    This year, Thanksgiving will fall on Nov. 25, which is the fourth Thursday of the month. This has been the way that the date for the holiday has been determined since 1941. Before this, the holiday was traditionally held on the last Thursday of November.

    In 1939, however, the last Thursday of the month was also the last day of the month. President Roosevelt was concerned that this would hurt shorten the Christmas shopping season, so he issued a proclamation that Thanksgiving would occur on the second to last Thursday of November instead.

    This was a controversial decision, and in 1941, the House and Senate passed a resolution saying that Thanksgiving would occur on the fourth Thursday of November. This would thereby maintain the Christmas shopping season during years when November had five Thursdays.

    This may answer why the holiday is scheduled the way that it is, but it doesn’t explain why Thursday was chosen instead of another day of the week.

  


 Since ministers would often give lectures on Thursdays in the New England area, Thursday seemingly became a convenient day for Thanksgiving. As the years went by, it became a tradition. By the time George Washington issued a proclamation for a day of Thanksgiving, Thursday had already been associated with feasts of that nature.

    The reason for this is a bit unclear. Going back to the earliest days of the tradition. Historians believe that Thursday was chosen because it was one of the more convenient days of the week to have an annual feast. For the early Puritan settlers, Sunday was the Sabbath. It’s likely that the early days of giving thanks were purposely scheduled not to interfere with the Sabbath. Also, Fridays were commonly days of fasting, making them inconvenient feast days for many people. 

By Michael Hollan | Fox News   foxnews.com

Question 3: Find words or phrases in the text that correspond to the words and definitions given.

a)    arranged (paragraph 3)

b)    debatable (paragraph 4)

c)    apparently (paragraph 6)

d)    big meal (paragraph 6)

e)    intentionally (paragraph 7)

f)     act or period of not eating food (paragraph 7)

Question 4: Choose the correct option, a, b, c or d for each question.

1.    According the the text, a lot of people…

a)    are aware of the reason why Thanksgiving is celebrated on a Thursday.

b)    aren’t aware of the reason why Thanksgiving is celebrated on a Thursday.

c)    know why Thanksgiving is celebrated on a Thursday.

d)    don’t understand why Thanksgiving is celebrated on a Thursday.

2.    Thanksgiving…

a)    will be the fourth Thursday of November only this year.

b)    has always been the fourth Thursday of November.

c)    has been the fourth Thursday of November for less than 100 years.

d)    has been the fourth Thursday of November since Rooselvelt decided it.

3.    Historians think that…

a)    Sunday would have been a more appropriate day for Puritan settlers.

b)    Fridays were days normally associated with eating big meals.

c)    Thursday was an appropriate day to celebrate a big meal once a year.

d)    any day of the week could have been chosen to celebrate Thanksgiving.

 

 

KEY

Question 3

a)    scheduled

b)    controversial

c)    seemingly

d)    feast

e)    purposely

f)     fasting

Question 4

1.    aren’t aware of the reason why Thanksgiving is celebrated on a Thursday.

2.    has been the fourth Thursday of November for less than 100 years.

3.     Thursday was an appropriate day to celebrate a big meal once a year.

 

 

martes, 9 de noviembre de 2021

How To Get Fit At Home



Don’t let the absence of a gym membership prevent you from getting fit

By Nick Harris-Fry on 29 Jan 2020

Coachmag.co.uk

 

No-one needs a gym membership to get in great shape. While we’re big fans of a dedicated space that has all the latest fitness gear available and experts on hand, with the right approach you can achieve just as much at home.

There’s also not just one right approach to use. You can get fit at home using bodyweight exercises alone, or you might invest in some free weights to increase the intensity of your strength training. And if you’d prefer to go all-in on cardio, there are several machines you can buy to use at home, like treadmillsexercise bikes and rowing machines.

 

A fitness routine doesn’t have to be complicated. In fact, keeping it simple makes doing it consistently much easier – and that consistency is what will make a difference to your fitness. Take this straightforward session from PT Adam Jones. “A favourite of mine is to work in a 30:30 format,” says Jones, “which means 30 seconds of work with 30 seconds of rest on each exercise for a set amount of rounds. Don’t be deterred if at first you find some of the exercises too difficult to do for the full 30 seconds. “If you find press-ups difficult, you can place your hands on a chair,” says Jones. 

And there’s another way to make almost any exercise fiendishly difficult. “Tempo – the speed at which you perform a move – is probably one of the most overlooked elements of training,” says Jones. “Focusing on it can ramp up your results massively. Taking longer to perform a move increases tension in the muscle, forcing it to work harder, which in turn will increase stress and lead to muscle gain. When performing press-ups, try taking four seconds in the lowering phase, and add a slight pause at the bottom of the move.”

Whether you work out at the gym or at home, having a plan to follow can make all the difference, in most part because it takes a lot of the decision-making – and therefore opportunities to procrastinate – out of your hands.

QUESTION 1: [2 POINTS] Indicate whether the following statements are TRUE or FALSE and write down which part of the text justifies your answer.

a.       You can get much better results exercising at home than at the gym.

b.       The less complicated the exercises you do, the better.

c.       Jones recommends adapting the exercises that can be too difficult at first.

d.       Following a plan is only a good idea if you work out at home.

 

QUESTION 2: [2 POINTS] Answer the following questions in your own words according to the text.

a.       What can you do at home in order to achieve the same results you would get at the gym?          

b.        According to Jones, why is tempo important?          

 

QUESTION 3: [1,5 POINTS] Find words or phrases in the text that correspond to the definitions given.

a.       Equipment, tools (paragraph 1)

b.       Uniformity, regularity (paragraph 3)

c.       Discouraged (paragraph 3)

d.       Increase, intensify (paragraph 3)

e.       As a consequence (paragraph 4)

 

QUESTION 4: [1,5 POINTS] Choose the correct option, a, b, c, or d for each question and COPY the sentences onto your answer sheet.

1.       If you want to do cardio exercises,

a.       you must to buy several machines.

b.       you need buy several machines.

c.       you could buy several machines.

d.       you could to buy several machines.

2.       The 30:30 format

a.       was designed by Adam Jones.

b.       was to design by Adam Jones.

c.       designed Adam Jones.

d.       designed by Adam Jones.

3.       Tension in the muscle will increase,

a.       if you took longer to perform a move.

b.       if you were taking longer to perform a move.

c.       if you take longer to perform a move.

d.       if you will take longer to perform a move.

 

QUESTION 5: [3 POINTS] Write a short essay (about 120-150 words) giving your opinion on the following topic: How important is it to stay in shape for you?

 

KEY to How to get fit at home

Question 1.

      a.    FALSE. with the right approach you can achieve just as much at home.
b.    TRUE. In fact, keeping it simple makes doing it consistently much easier – and that consistency is what will make a difference to your fitness.
c.    TRUE. Don’t be deterred if at first you find some of the exercises too difficult to do for the full 30 seconds. “If you find press-ups difficult, you can place your hands on a chair,” says Jones. 
d.    FALSE. Whether you work out at the gym or at home, having a plan to follow can make all the difference

Question 2.

 

a.    You can get fit at home using bodyweight exercises alone, or you might invest in some free weights to increase the intensity of your strength training. And if you’d prefer to go all-in on cardio, there are several machines you can buy to use at home, like treadmillsexercise bikes and rowing machines.

b.    “Tempo – the speed at which you perform a move – is probably one of the most overlooked elements of training,” says Jones. “Focusing on it can ramp up your results massively. Taking longer to perform a move increases tension in the muscle, forcing it to work harder, which in turn will increase stress and lead to muscle gain.

 

 

Question 3

a.    Gear

b.    Consistency

c.     Deterred

d.    Ramp up

e.    Therefore

Question 4

1.    c

2.    a

3.    c

 

 

 

REPORTED SPEECH



 Write the conversation in reported speech.

          Joe:  Where do you want to go on holiday?

                 1. .........................................................................................................

    Jessica:  Let’s go to Greece.

                 2. .........................................................................................................

          Joe:  Do you want to visit Athens or an island?

                 3. .........................................................................................................

    Jessica:  I’ve heard a lot of good things about Crete from Eric.

                 4. .........................................................................................................

          Joe:  Fine. I’ll call the travel agent.

                 5. .........................................................................................................

    Jessica:  I’ll get more information from Eric about his trip.

                 6. .........................................................................................................

 

KEY

    1. Joe asked Jessica where she wanted to go
on holiday.

    2. Jessica suggested that they (should) go to Greece. / Jessica suggested going to Greece.

    3. Joe asked (her) if / whether she wanted to visit Athens or an island.

    4. Jessica said that she had heard a lot of good things about Crete from Eric.

    5. Joe agreed and said that he would call the
travel agent.

    6. Jessica said that she would get more information from Eric about his trip.