lunes, 16 de marzo de 2020

MODELOS JULIO 19 OPCIONES 1 Y 2

Resultado de imagen de EBAU 2020
Cycles for Cigarettes: City Gives Bikes to Children if a Relative Quits


Standing on the street in the centre of Kilis, a small Turkish city on the border with Syria, a steady stream of noisy motorcycles, scooters and cars zoom past. It’s certainly not the most bicycle-friendly city, but local leaders are determined to change that with a new network of cycle lanes, and by giving away thousands of bikes to local children.
Since the outbreak of the Syrian civil war seven years ago, millions of Syrians have sought shelter in  Turkey. While there are refugee camps lining the border, most refugees opt to live in cities such as Kilis. The population of Syrian refugees now exceeds the number of locals here and Arabic is heard as much as Turkish. Many shops and restaurants are emblazoned with Arabic signs.
The mayor, Hasan Kara, wants Kilis to be viewed as a place that has graciously opened its doors to refugees. As part of that, Kara has embarked on a series of civic and infrastructure projects aimed at creating a liveable environment. Perhaps the most unusual is a scheme to give thousands of free bicycles to the city’s children. “So far, we have distributed more than 4,000 bicycles, and our target is to give out at least 15,000,” Kara explains as we talk in his office in a restored historical building near the centre.
On the streets nearby, motorcycles and scooters zoom past in every direction; some carry entire families of three and four, and it is rare to see a helmet. “We placed importance on the bicycle project because as you can see, the usage of motorcycles is very common,” he says. “Now, we’re seeing children coming to and from school on their bicycles.” To get a bike, children must meet three requirements: they must get a smoker relative to quit, maintain strong grades while improving a weak area of study, and promise to ride for an hour a day.
In addition to the bikes for kids scheme, Kilis has built a four-mile cycle lane close to the city centre, near rows of modern apartment buildings. The mayor aims to build a 20-mile network of bike lanes throughout the city, including one along its main shopping street, in an attempt to break the dominance of cars and motorcycles. Initial funds for the cycle project came from the city and Turkey’s Ministry of Health but there is not enough to complete the project, so Kara is calling on the European Union for help.

11 Dec 2018, The Guardian (Adapted)

Question 1: [2 POINTS] Indicate whether the following statements are TRUE or FALSE  and  write down which part of the text justifies your answer.
a) Kilis is not currently a very easy city for cyclists.
b) It is not very common to hear Arabic spoken in Kilis.
c) The projects proposed by Hasan Kara aim to make the city a better place for residents.
d) Any child who gets a relative to stop smoking will receive a bike.

Question 2: [2 POINTS] Answer the following questions in your own words according to the text.
a) What is the traffic in the city of Kilis currently like?
b) What different things is the proposed project trying to do?

Question 3: [1,5 POINTS] Find words or phrases in the text that correspond to the words and definitions given.
a) constant (paragraph 1)
b) flow (paragraph 1)
c) objective (paragraph 3)
d) unusual (paragraph 4)
e) effort (paragraph 5)

Question 4: [1,5 POINTS] Choose the correct option, a, b, c or d for each question and COPY the sentence onto your answer sheet.
1. According to the text, the majority of the Syrian refugees in Kilis...
a) would like to live in special camps.
b) have to live in special camps.
c) choose not to live in special camps.
d) have never lived in special camps.
2. The text says that...
a) some of the children have already started using the bikes they have been given.
b) some of the children said they don´t want to use the new bikes they have been given.
c) no children are still waiting to be given their bikes.
d) none of the children have started using their new bikes yet.

3. Unless a child does well in school...
a) he/she may be given a bike.
b) he/she will not get a bike.
c) he/she may not want to receive a bike.
d) he/she will expect to receive a bike.

Question 5: [3 POINTS] Write a short essay (about 120-150 words) on the following topic:

What are the advantages and disadvantages of riding a bike where you live? Is it a good or bad place for cyclists?


No One Seems to Care how Dangerous CrossFit Is


Carolyn Nagler has witnessed a lot of accidents in her year attending CrossFit classes. Her own most painful experience happened six months after first wandering into a class, when she cut her legs in missing her target during a “box jump”. Still, that hasn’t stopped the 45-year-old from returning to her local gym in Astoria, Queens, up to five times a week. “I was bleeding all over, but I got up and kept going,” she says. “If I hadn’t, I would never be able to do a box jump now.”
New Yorkers are always seeking new, extreme methods for staying fit, and high-intensity interval-training (HIIT) workouts such as those at CrossFit — in which participants complete physically demanding repetitions— have unique appeal to New Yorkers’ need for both competition and novelty. With these extreme workouts, however, come injuries. “I do think there is a sort of race between gyms to find the next new thing,” says Jordan Metzl, a specialist sports doctor who also teaches an HIIT class. He says he’s seen a 30 percent increase in HIIT- related injuries at the hospital over the past two years. “It can kill you,” CrossFit co-founder Greg Glassman even told the New York Times in 2005. “I’ve always been completely honest about that.”
Noel Lozares, an orthopedic and sports physical therapist who often works with Olympic athletes, says it’s easy for workout enthusiasts to get carried away. He recommends that people interested in HIIT should already be active — whether it’s running, yoga or pilates — three days a week. “You always want to consult the instructor,” he says. “So many people who have never done any kind of exercise before get into these classes, and that’s when injuries happen.”
The most common athletic ailments include muscle strains, particularly in the lower back; knee and shoulder injuries; and tendon issues. Still, doctors believe strength training is an important part of any athlete’s workouts — and can make other kinds of exercise, like running, easier and more productive. Before a session, Metzl recommends doing what he calls a “dynamic warm-up” to get muscles and joints moving. Another important part of staying fit and healthy is allowing the body time to recover, says Lozares. “I am working with athletes who are members of the US Olympic team — none of them do HIIT every day.”

March 15, 2016. New York Post (Adapted)


Question 1: [2 POINTS] Indicate whether the following statements are TRUE or FALSE and write down  which part of the text justifies your answer.

a) Carolyn Nagler now goes to the gym every day.
b) Gyms in New York are very competitive when looking for new activities to offer clients.
c) There have been fewer patients from CrossFit injuries at Metzl’s hospital recently.
d) The typical problems associated with CrossFit are all located in one single part of the body.

Question 2: [2 POINTS] Answer the following questions in your own words according to the text.
a) What is CrossFit and why is it considered dangerous by some?
b) According to the text what different precautions are necessary if you do CrossFit?

Question 3: [1,5 POINTS] Find words or phrases in the text that correspond to the words and definitions given.
a) however (paragraph 1)
b) to look for (paragraph 2)
c) singular (paragraph 2)
d) attraction (paragraph 2)
e) to ask for an opinion (paragraph 3)

Question 4: [1,5 POINTS] Choose the correct option, a, b, c or d for each question and COPY the sentence onto your answer sheet.
1. Carolyn Nagler...
a) hasn’t seen other people get hurt in CrossFit classes.
b) hasn’t been hurt in CrossFit classes herself.
c) has been hurt in CrossFit classes herself.
d) has hurt other people in CrossFit classes.

2. Greg Glassman claims...
a) to have always told the truth about the risks involved in CrossFit.
b) to have been more or less sincere about the risks involved in CrossFit.
c) to have lied openly about the risks involved in CrossFit.
d) to have avoided speaking about the risks involved in CrossFit.

3. Despite being professionals, the Olympic athletes mentioned in the text...
a) rarely do daily HIIT workouts.
b) like to do daily HIIT workouts.
c) never do daily HIIT workouts.
d) try to do daily HIIT workouts.

Question 5: [3 POINTS] Write a short essay (about 120-150 words) on the following topic:

Do you like extreme sports? Do you think all dangerous sports and hobbies should be illegal? Give your opinion.



KEY

Opción 1

Question1: [2 POINTS] Indicate whether the following statements are TRUE or FALSE and write down which part of the text justifies your answer.
Se otorgará 0,5 pts a cada respuesta.
1. Kilis is not currently a very easy city for cyclists.
TRUE It’s certainly not the most bicycle-friendly city,
2. It is not very common to hear Arabic spoken in Kilis. FALSE Arabic is heard as much as Turkish
3. The projects proposed by Hasan Kara aim to make the city a better place for residents. TRUE ...projects aimed at creating a liveable environment.
4. Any child who gets a relative to stop smoking will receive a bike.
. FALSE To get a bike, children must meet three requirements: (they must get a smoker relative to quit, maintain strong grades while improving a weak area of study, and promise to ride for an hour a day.)

Question 2:[ 2 POINTS] Answer the following questions in your own words according to the text Cada apartado se valorará con 1 pt. 0´5 para la comprensión del texto y 0´5 para la expresión escrita respectivamente.

1. What is the traffic in the city of Kilis currently like?
The traffic in Kilis sounds quite hectic and dangerous. There are a lot of cars and motorbikes already, and traditionally, fewer bicycles. The use of the motorbikes seems particularly risky as they rarely use safety equipment and often carry too many passengers.
2. What different things is the proposed project trying to do?
The project is trying to improve the traffic situation by encouraging children to use bikes and giving them the equipment and infrastructure they need to do this. It is also trying to improve people’s health by getting people to stop smoking and to motivate children to study more.

Question 3: [1,5 POINTS]Find words or phrases in the text that correspond to the words given.
Se otorgará 0,3 pts. a cada respuesta
1. constant (paragraph 1) steady
2. flow (paragraph 1) stream
3. objective (paragraph 3) target
4. unusual (paragraph 4) rare
5. effort (paragraph 5) attempt
Question 4:[1,5 POINTS]Choose the correct option, a, b, c or d for each question and COPY the sentence onto your answer sheet.
Se otorgará 0,5 pts. a cada respuesta
1. According to the text, the majority of the Syrian refugees in Kilis...

c. choose not to live in special camps.

2. The text says that...
a. some of the children have already started using the bikes they have been given.

3. Unless a child does well in school...

b. he/she will not get a bike.

Question 5:[3 POINTS]Write a short essay (about 120-150 words) on the following topic:
What are the advantages and disadvantages of riding a bike where you live? Is it a good or bad place for cyclists?
1,5 pts. se otorgará a la estructura global de la redacción teniendo en cuenta la coherencia y la claridad de las ideas, argumentos y opiniones expresadas. Con 1,5 pts. se valorará la expresión escrita teniendo en cuenta la ortografía, la corrección y la adecuación del léxico y de las estructuras gramaticales al tema.
Opción 2

Question1:[2 POINTS] Indicate whether the following statements are TRUE or FALSE and write down which part of the text justifies your answer.
Se otorgará 0,5 pts a cada respuesta.

1. Carolyn Nagler now goes to the gym every day.
FALSE Still, that hasn’t stopped the 45-year-old from returning to her local gym in Astoria, Queens, up to five times a week.
2. Gyms in New York are very competitive when looking for new activities to offer clients. TRUE “I do think there is a sort of race between gyms to find the next new thing,”
3. There have been fewer patients from CrossFit injuries at Metzl’s hospital recently.
FALSE He says he’s seen a 30 percent increase in HIIT-related injuries at the hospital over the past two years.
4. The typical problems associated with CrossFit are all located in one single part of the body. FALSE The most common athletic ailments include muscle strains, particularly in the lower back; knee and shoulder injuries; and tendon issues.

Question 2:[2 POINTS] Answer the following questions in your own words according to the text
Cada apartado se valorará con 1 pt. 0´5 para la comprensión del texto y 0´5 para la expresión escrita respectivamente.
1. What is CrossFit and why it is considered dangerous by some?
CrossFit is a specific type of fitness programme that combines different types of vigorous exercise. It is considered dangerous because it causes a high number of injuries due to its intensity and difficulty.
2. According to the text what different precautions are necessary if you do CrossFit?
The text says that people who do CrossFit should already be actively involved in other exercise programmes, should talk to an expert before starting and should not do it too often. It is also important to warm-up and cool-down correctly before and after the activity.

Question 3:[1,5 POINTS]Find words or phrases in the text that correspond to the words given.
Se otorgará 0,3 pts. a cada respuesta 1.however (paragraph 1) still
2.to look for (paragraph 2) seeking 3.singular (paragraph 2) unique 4.attraction (paragraph 2) appeal
5.to ask for an opinion (paragraph 3) consult

Question 4:[1,5 POINTS]Choose the correct option, a, b, c or d for each question and COPY the sentence onto your answer sheet.
Se otorgará 0,5 pts. a cada respuesta
1. Carolyn Nagler...

c. has been hurt in CrossFit classes herself.

2. Greg Glassman claims...
a. to have always told the truth about the risks involved in CrossFit.

3. Despite being professionals, the Olympic athletes mentioned in the text...

c. never do daily HIIT workouts.

Question 5:[3 POINTS]Write a short essay (about 120-150 words) on the following topic:
Do you like extreme sports? Do you think all dangerous sports and hobbies should be illegal? Give your opinion.
1,5 pts. se otorgará a la estructura global de la redacción teniendo en cuenta la coherencia y la claridad de las ideas, argumentos y opiniones expresadas. Con 1,5 pts. se valorará la expresión escrita teniendo en cuenta la ortografía, la corrección y la adecuación del léxico y de las estructuras gramaticales al tema.

MODELOS JUNIO 19 OPCIONES 1 Y 2

Resultado de imagen de EBAU 2020
Why Young People don’t Watch TV the Old Way.


Since rising to prominence in the 1950s, television has become a universal experience for people of all ages. And until recently, due to lack of variety, everyone watched the same programmes most of the time. The top-rated non-sporting event in American history was the M*A*S*H finale, viewed by 105.9 million Americans. That was nearly half the U.S. population in 1983. But the days of the family gathered around the TV set and watching their favourite show together are now long gone.
Many young people no longer have cable and it’s become more and more common to hear people say they “don’t even have a TV.” Both of these statements may be true, but it doesn’t mean young people are consuming less visual entertainment. It just means they’re watching less live television on traditional television screens. People aged 25-34 watch less than half as much live TV as those aged 50-64, but they’ve just turned their attention to other screens and different times.
Streaming services like Netflix are largely responsible. Thanks to its cheap monthly subscription that can be shared between multiple users, I know exactly zero people my age who do not have access to Netflix. Its success can be attributed to a number of factors, most notably its ease of use – you can connect to Netflix via your phone, computer, Smart TV, a gaming console, or nearly anything with an internet connection. Many traditional networks now even post their shows online, for free – accessible for anyone who wants to watch.
Access to whichever show you want, whenever you want, has made television a more solitary experience. We can now watch a sporting event or our favourite show on a tablet or a phone. The top rated shows on television remain on networks like CBS and NBC, but the median age of viewers is creeping towards 60.
What lies ahead is even more confusing. Today’s kids are even more adverse to traditional TV; entire careers are now made off producing daily or weekly YouTube videos. One particular YouTube personality, Logan Paul, has 17 million subscribers and posts a new video daily. But all in all consumers both young and old benefit. An increasingly competitive marketplace provides us with hundreds of shows to choose from and watch however we like. It’s a golden age for television, even if we don’t call it television anymore.


(M*A*S*H – a popular American TV series from the 1970 and 80s.) May 30, 2018. Edmonton Prime Times (Adapted)

Question 1: [2 POINTS] Indicate whether the following statements are TRUE or FALSE and  write down which part of the text justifies your answer.
a) At least three quarters of the people in the US watched the end of M*A*S*H in 1983.
b) The author has many friends his age who do not use Netflix.
c) The fact that Netflix is not difficult for people to use makes it attractive.
d) Logan Paul uploads a video to YouTube 3 times a week.

Question 2: [2 POINTS] Answer the following questions in your own words according to the text.
a) According to the text, how has the way people watch TV changed over the last 50 years?
b) How does the author say a person’s age affects the way they probably watch tv programmes nowadays?

Question 3: [1,5 POINTS] Find words or phrases in the text that correspond to the words and definitions given.
a) usual, typical (paragraph 2)
b) through (paragraph 3)
c) average  (paragraph 4)
d) specific  (paragraph 5)
e) everything considered, on the whole (paragraph 5)

Question 4: [1,5 POINTS] Choose the correct option, a, b, c or d for each question and COPY the sentence onto your answer sheet.
1. The text says that young people...
a) used to watch more live television.
b) are getting used to watching more live television now.
c) don`t watch any live television at all.
d) didn’t use to watch as much live television.
2. The text suggests that if services like Netflix were more expensive,...
a) more people could afford them.
b) nobody would use them.
c) fewer people would probably watch them.
d) nobody would ever use them.

3. The text explains that the shows people watch the most...
a) are no longer produced by the traditional networks.
b) are still produced by the traditional networks.
c) can no  longer be seen on portable devices.
d) can now only be seen on portable devices.

Question 5: [3 POINTS] Write a short essay (about 120-150 words) on the following topic:
In your opinion, is it better to watch movies at home via the internet or at the cinema? Give reasons for your opinion.


OPCIÓN DE EXAMEN Nº 2


Is Owning a Dog Good for Your Health?


Dogs really are our best friends, according to a Swedish study that says canine ownership could reduce heart disease. A study of 3.4 million people between the ages of 40 and 80 found that having a dog was associated with a 23 % reduction in death from heart disease and a 20 % lower risk of dying from any cause over the 12 years of the study. Previous studies have suggested dogs relieve social isolation and depression – both linked to an increased risk of heart disease and early death.
Dog owners show better responses to stress (their blood pressure and pulse rates don’t soar), have higher levels of physical activity and slightly lower cholesterol levels. The American Heart Association released a statement in 2013 saying that owning a dog “was probably” associated with a reduced risk of heart disease. Their reluctance to more strongly endorse dog ownership is because most previous studies are what is called observational – researchers note an association, but can’t prove causation. This means that other factors might explain why dog owners are healthier than, say, goldfish owners – for example, perhaps only people who are fit in the first place purchase pets that need daily walkies.
This latest study found the biggest positive impact of having a dog was on people living alone. “It seems  that a dog can be a substitute for living with other people in terms of reducing the risk of dying,” says Tove Fall, an epidemiologist and the lead author of the study. “Dogs encourage you to walk, they provide social support and they make life more meaningful. If you have a dog, you interact more with other people. If you do get ill and go into hospital and you have a dog, there’s a huge motivation to try to get back home.”
Of course, getting a dog and watching it from your sofa while you eat fatty food is not going to reduce your risk of heart disease. And a toy dog may look cute, but won’t have any effect either. Fall’s study showed the most health benefits came from having retrievers or pointers. Until her German shorthaired pointer died last year, she ran 10km with her most days. “In Sweden, we have one of the lowest rates of dog ownership in Europe,” says Fall, who has recently got a new puppy. “Maybe this will increase the acceptance that dogs are important to people.”

4 Dec 2017, The Guardian (Adapted)

Question 1: [2 POINTS] Indicate whether the following statements are TRUE or FALSE and write down which part of the text justifies your answer.

a) People who have a pet dog will suffer more from cholesterol-related health problems.
b) Dog owners tend to do more physical exercise.
c) The study suggests some breeds of dog are more beneficial than others.
d) Tove Fall doesn’t have a dog of her own anymore.

Question 2: [2 POINTS] Answer the following questions in your own words according to the text.
a) What does the study described in the text prove?
b) According to the text what are the two major changes in lifestyle that having a dog brings about?

Question 3: [1,5 POINTS] Find words or phrases in the text that correspond to the words and definitions given.
a) to decrease (paragraph 1)
b) earlier (paragraph 1)
c) possibility (paragraph 2)
d) the most recent (paragraph 3)
e) adorable, pretty (paragraph 4)

Question 4: [1,5 POINTS] Choose the correct option, a, b, c or d for each question and COPY the sentence onto your answer sheet.
1. The main study described in the text...
a) followed more than three million people for 12 months.
b) followed more than three million people for less than a year.
c) followed more than three million people for over a decade.
d) followed less than three million people for over a year.

2. Having a dog is said...
a) to significantly increase the owner's risk of heart disease.
b) to significantly increase the time the owner spends in hospital.
c) to significantly increase the owner’s need of companionship.
d) to significantly increase the owner’s overall health.

3. The study suggests that being a dog owner...
a) is the only cause of a decrease in health risks.
b) is only one possible cause of a decrease in health risks.
c) is not likely to be the cause of a decrease in health risks.
d) is not related to a decrease in health risks.

Question 5: [3 POINTS] Write a short essay (about 120-150 words) on the following topic:

What are the pros and cons of owning a pet? Which animals make the best pets? Give reasons for your opinion.



KEY

OPCIÓN 1

Question1:[2 POINTS] Indicate whether the following statements are TRUE or FALSE and write down which part of the text justifies your answer.
Se otorgará 0,5 pts a cada respuesta.
1. At least three quarters of the people in the US watched the end of M*A*S*H in 1983. FALSE. That was nearly half the U.S. population in 1983.
2. The author has many friends his age who do not use Netflix.
FALSE I know exactly zero people my age who do not have access to Netflix.
3. The fact that Netflix is not difficult for people to use makes it attractive.
TRUE Its success can be attributed to a number of factors, most notably its ease of use.
4. Logan Paul uploads a video to YouTube 3 times a week.
FALSE Logan Paul, has 17 million subscribers and posts a new video daily.
Question 2:[2 POINTS] Answer the following questions in your own words according to the text.
Cada apartado se valorará con 1 pt. 0´5 para la comprensión del texto y 0´5 para la expresión escrita respectivamente.
1. According to the text, how has the way people watch TV changed over the last 50 years?
The text says that people watch less live TV although they still watch TV shows on computers and other portable devices. This is particularly true for younger people, and as a result people don’t watch TV as a family much nowadays and so it has become a less sociable activity.
2. How does the author say a person’s age affects the way they probably watch tv programmes nowadays?
Younger people watch shows on their own on their phones, computers or tablets. They often use online services to view the shows they want to watch, whenever they want to watch them. Older people still tend to watch TV in the more traditional way.

Question 3:[1,5 POINTS]Find words or phrases in the text that correspond to the words given: Se otorgará 0,3 pts. a cada respuesta
1. usual, typical (paragraph 2) common
2. through (paragraph 3) via
3. average (paragraph 4) median
4. specific (paragraph 5) particular
5. everything considered, on the whole (paragraph 5) all in all

Question 4:[1,5 POINTS]Choose the correct option, a, b, c or d for each question and COPY the sentence onto your answer sheet.
Se otorgará 0,5 pts. a cada respuesta
1. The text says that young people...
d. didn’t use to watch as much live television.

2. The text suggests that if services like Netflix were more expensive,...

c. fewer people would probably watch them.

3. The text explains that the shows people watch the most...

b. are still produced by the traditional networks.



OPCIÓN 2

Question1:[2 POINTS] Indicate whether the following statements are TRUE or FALSE and write down which part of the text justifies your answer.
Se otorgará 0,5 pts a cada respuesta.
1. People who have a pet dog will suffer more from cholesterol-related health problems.
FALSE have higher levels of physical activity and slightly lower cholesterol levels.
2. Dog owners tend to do more physical exercise. TRUE Dogs encourage you to walk.
have higher levels of physical activity
3. The study suggests some breeds of dog are more beneficial than others.
TRUE Fall’s study showed the most health benefits came from having retrievers or pointers.
4. Tove Fall doesn’t have a dog of her own anymore.
FALSE says Fall, who has recently got a new puppy.

Question 2:[2 POINTS] Answer the following questions in your own words according to the text
Cada apartado se valorará con 1 pt. 0´5 para la comprensión del texto y 0´5 para la expresión escrita respectivamente.
1. What does the study described in the text prove?
The study proves that having a dog as a pet is good for your health, and in particular is useful to reduce the chance of you suffering from the specific health issues associated with heart disease.
2. According to the text what are the two major changes in lifestyle that having a dog brings about?
Firstly, owing a dog can bring about social benefits as the pet will be company for people who live on their own or feel loneliness. The second change in lifestyle is more related to physical health since having a dog normally means that you do more exercise.

Question 3:[1,5 POINTS]Find words or phrases in the text that correspond to the words given.
Se otorgará 0,3 pts. a cada respuesta
1. To decrease (paragraph 1) reduce
2. earlier  (paragraph 1) previous
3. possibility  (paragraph 2)  risk
4. the most recent (paragraph 3) the latest
5. adorable, pretty (paragraph 4) cute
Question 4:[1,5 POINTS]Choose the correct option, a, b, c or d for each question and COPY the sentence onto your answer sheet.
Se otorgará 0,5 pts. a cada respuesta

1. The main study described in the text...

c. followed more than three million people for over a decade.

2. Having a dog is said...

d. to significantly increase the owner’s overall health.

3. The study suggests that being a dog owner...

b. is only one possible cause of a decrease in health risks.