martes, 8 de mayo de 2018


Once again, here you have some tips for the EBAU exam, adapted to the new test. 
Hope you find them useful!!!!





QUESTION 1

QUESTION 2

QUESTION 3

QUESTION 4

QUESTION 5





MAY 68




Caroline de Bendern: 'leave campaign was lies and xenophobia'

Activist, who became symbol of 1968 protests when she was photographed in Paris, prepares to march against Brexit





      Her image has been symbolic of the national mood once before. Recreating a 19th-century masterpiece of Lady Liberty leading the French to revolution, a statuesque portrait of Caroline de Bendern emerged as a defining image of the protests that swept Europe in the summer of 1968.

      Now almost five decades on, the British former model and disinherited aristocrat is taking to the streets again – to demonstrate her opposition to Brexit and fly the flag for the European Union at this week’s Unite for Europe march.

      Thousands of pro-EU protesters are expected at marches in Edinburgh and London on Saturday, where speakers will include the Liberal Democrat leader, Tim Farron. De Bendern says the atmosphere will be different from her first foray into political action. In 1968, “there wasn’t all this hate,” she said.

      The March-June protests brought together students, artists, leftists and workers demanding better working conditions, sexual liberation, and political and social reform. Political change and cooperation was similarly needed today, she said. Now 76 and living in France, De Bendern told the Guardian she was concerned at Britain breaking away from the EU at a time of Russian activism.

      We need to form a bloc against countries like Russia who want to destroy Europe and ... absorb it,” she said, recalling allegations of Russian interference in the EU referendum and the US presidential elections. “Why would they interfere in the referendum if they haven’t got some idea behind it?” With the future of the union under strain, she said, “England is going to become isolated”.



The whole [leave campaign] was lies and xenophobia,” said De Bendern, who dated rock musician Lou Reed in New York and counted artist Andy Warhol and model Nico as friends.



The activist also voiced concerns about her status as a British national in France. She said she loved Britain, where she visited family two or three times a year, but had lived in France since 1968 and was applying for dual nationality in case her ability to live in France was jeopardised by Britain’s exit from the EU. She said she is “scared shitless” of an election win by Marine Le Pen, who has threatened to introduce restrictions on dual nationality.





Question 1: [2 POINTS] Indicate whether the following statements are true or false and write down which part of the text justifies your answer.

a) Caroline de Bendern had a portrait statue made in the summer of 1968.

b) Caroline de Berdern used to be a model.

c) Nowadays Caroline is worried about Britain leaving de European Union.

d) Caroline fears that she may be expelled from France if Brexit happens.

Question 2:[2 POINTS] Answer the following questions in your own words according to the text.

a) What differences are there between the protests of May 1968 and nowaday’s protests against Brexit, according to Caroline?

b) Why has she decided to apply for dual nationality?

Question 3:[1,5 POINTS] Find words or phrases in the text that correspond to the words and definitions given.

a) Representative, typical. (Paragraph 1)

b) Earlier, previous. (Paragraph 2)

c) To leave, become separate. (Paragraph 4)

d) Alone, separated from. (Paragraph 5)

e) Put at risk. (Paragraph 7)

     Question 4: [1.5 POINTS] Choose the most suitable answer (a, b, c or d) according to the text and write down your answer.

  1. Caroline de Bendern is an activist

  1. when she became a symbol of May 68.
  2. who became a symbol of May 68.
  3. became a symbol of May 68.
  4. that she became a symbol of May 68.

  1. If Caroline hadn’t participated in the protests,

  1. she wouldn’t have been disinherited.
  2. she hadn’t been disinherited.
  3. she would have been disinherited.
  4. she would had been disinherited.

  1. Thousands of pro-EU protesters ...

  1. expect to participate in marches in Edinburg and London on Saturday.
  2. expected to participate in marches in Edinburg and London on Saturday.
  3. are expected to participate in marches in Edinburg and London on Saturday.
  4. are expected they will participate in marches in Edinburg and London on Saturday.

Question 5 [3 POINTS] Write a short essay (120-150 words) on the following topic: What can we all do to make changes in society?







KEY

Question 1:

  1. False. A statuesque portrait of Caroline de Bendern emerged as a defining image of the protests that swept Europe in the summer of 1968.
  2. True. The British former model.
  3. True. Now 76 and living in France, de Bendern told the Guardian she was concerned at Britain breaking away from the EU.
  4. True. The activist also voiced concerns about her status as a British national in France. . She said she loved Britain, where she visited family two or three times a year, but had lived in France since 1968 and was applying for dual nationality in case her ability to live in France was jeopardised by Britain’s exit from the EU.

Question 2:

  1. In 1968 students, artists, leftists and workers together were demanding better working conditions, sexual liberation, and political and social reform. Today, she feels there’s hate involved. Moreover, some countries such as Russia want to absorb Europe.
  2. She is afraid of having to leave France if Britain leaves the EU. Specially if Marine Le Pen wins the elections as she has threaten to restrict dual nationality.

Question 3:

  1. Symbolic
  2. Former
  3. To break away / break away / breaking away
  4. Isolated
  5. Jeopardise

Question 4:

  1. b. who became a symbol of May 68.
  2. a. she wouldn’t have been disinherited.
  3. c. are expected to participate in marches in Edinburg and London on Saturday.

martes, 24 de abril de 2018

Prince William And Kate Middleton Welcome Third Child



Watch the video and answer the following questions:

1.- Where was the official announcement posted at?
2.- How much does the boy weigh?
3.- Was the Duke of Cambridge present for the birth?
4.- When was the boy delivered?
5.- Where was the Queen when the baby was born?
6.- What was the Wueen doing?
7.- What was Prince George wearing during the visit to his newborn brother?
8.- Which position does the baby have in the line to the British throne?
9.- Why is the baby "special" regarding the throne?
10.- How does the Duke of Cambridge feel about this birth?
11.- What names are being considered for the boy?
12.- When will the name be announced?


KEY

1.- At the gates of Buckingham Palace.
2.- He weighs 8lbs (pounds) 7oz (ounces).
3.- Yes, he was.
4.- At 11:01.
5.- The Queen was in Windsor.
6.- She was riding her horse.
7.- His school uniform.
8.- Fifth.
9.- He won't push Princess Charlotte out of the way in the line os succession, just because she is a girl.
10.- He feels happy, delighted and thrice worried.
11.- Arthur, Albert or Phillip.
12.- Soon enough.
 

New York's Central Park will be car-free this summer



 Click on the link below to watch a video about an important announcement by NYC Mayor concerning Central Park




     One of the nation’s most iconic urban spaces is kicking out cars. For a trial period that starts in June, vehicles will no longer be allowed to drive through New York’s Central Park, save for cross-town transverses at 97th, 86th, 79th and 65th Streets.


     Cars have been allowed on a loop drive shared with pedestrians and cyclists south of 72nd Street during certain hours. Loop drives above 72nd Street were closed to vehicular traffic permanently in 2015.For more than a century, cars have turned parts of the world’s most iconic park into a highway. Today we take it back,” de Blasio said.Central Park without cars, the Parks Department said, would be cleaner and safer.
 
     “Central Park is not just one of New York’s favorite parks – it’s one of the most-beloved, most-recognized parks in the entire world,” said Parks Commissioner Mitchell J. Silver. “Now, we’re making history by demonstrating just how clean, accessible, and safe an urban park can be.”


Watch the video and complete the following sentences:

  1. We are proud to be one of the __________ __________ ____________ ________.
  2. And now this park, we realize, is full potential for ______ __________, for _____ ________, for ______ _____________.
  3. All of them will now get to ___________ ____ ______________ __________ ____.
  4. We're on the _______ of _________ _________ ______ _________.
  5. There's an existential ___________ we're facing and ________ _________ _____.
  6. This park was not _____________ _____ _________.
  7. Literally, it was built before _______ ________ __________ .




KEY
  1. ...world's great running cities
  2. our runners, our walkers, our bicyclers.
  3. ...enjoy a car-free Central Park.
  4. ...eve … Earth Day this weekend.
  5. ...threat.... that's climate change.
  6. built for automobiles.
  7. . there were automobiles.

“No excuses” - dieting works better if obesity in the family, study finds


More than 100 genes have now been associated with obesity. Dieting is more likely to be effective for people who have a history of obesity in their family, a new study has found.

A 20-year investigation by Harvard University revealed that the most successful dieters were those genetically predisposed to being overweight. Researchers found that those with the highest genetic risk were able to improve their BMI approximately 70 per cent better than those who were not. They believe the act of dieting itself may be blunting the effect of genetic predisposition at a molecular level.

Published in the British Medical Journal, the study tracked nearly 14,000 people between 1986 and 2006. Dr Louisa Ells, of Teesside University in Middlesbrough, who reviewed the findings for the journal, said: "Genetic predisposition is no barrier to successful weight management and no excuse for weak health and policy responses.” Obesity is a complex disorder involving a mix of genes and environmental influences.

Previous research has shown that diets high in sugar sweetened drinks and fried foods may amplify the genetic associations with higher body weight. The first genes associated with putting on weight were discovered 10 years ago, since when more than a 100 new genes have been found. Between 40 and 44 per cent of people carry the FTO gene variant, and around 16 per cent have two copies, making it roughly 70 per cent more likely that they will become obese.

The new research is the first to assess the interactions between diet quality and genetic predisposition to obesity on a long-term basis. “Long term, dramatic weight loss is difficult to achieve, even in the context of weight loss interventions,” said Dr Tiange Wang, from Tulane University in Louisiana. "Therefore, even modest weight loss or simply maintaining weight from adulthood onward - compared with gaining weight - may have a substantial effect on population health."

From The Daily Telegraph 10th January 2018

Question 2: Find words or phrases in the text that correspond to the words and definitions given.
1.- link (paragraph 1):
2.- research (paragraph 1):
3.- show (paragraph 2):
4.- top (paragraph 2):
5.- better (paragraph 2):
6.- reduce, mitigate (paragraph 2):
7.- result (paragraph 2):
8.- follow (paragraph 3):
9.- discoveries follow (paragraph 3):
10.- low follow (paragraph 3):
11.- sickness follow (paragraph 3):
12.- former (paragraph 4):
13.- increase (paragraph 4): a
14.- get fat (paragraph 4):
15.- almost (paragraph 4):
16.- estimate (paragraph 5):
17.- reach (paragraph 5):
18.- reach (paragraph 5):
19.- so (paragraph 5):
20.- forwards (paragraph 5):




Key:

1.- link (paragraph 1): associate, associated
2.- research (paragraph 1): study
3.- show (paragraph 2): reveal, revealed
4.- top (paragraph 2): highest
5.- better (paragraph 2): improve
6.- reduce, mitigate (paragraph 2): blunt, blunting
7.- result (paragraph 2): effect
8.- follow (paragraph 3): tracked
9.- discoveries follow (paragraph 3): findings
10.- low follow (paragraph 3): weak
11.- sickness follow (paragraph 3): disorder
12.- former (paragraph 4): previous
13.- increase (paragraph 4): amplify
14.- get fat (paragraph 4): put on weight, putting on weight
15.- almost (paragraph 4): roughly
16.- estimate (paragraph 5): assess
17.- reach (paragraph 5): estimate
18.- reach (paragraph 5): achieve
19.- so (paragraph 5): therefore
20.- forwards (paragraph 5): onward


Science and Technology

Fill in the gaps with the appropriate form of the words below

Develop               pioneer                                study                    discover                              invent                   design

1. The physicians Marie Curie and her husband Pierre................................…. radium.

2. After years of ………………………………………………., Freud ……………………………. a theory of the mind which has changed for ever the way we view ourselves.

3. Brunel ………………………………………………. the Clifton Bridge.

4. Marco Polo made journeys through Asia and wrote a book describing what he had ……………………………………………….

5. Edward Jenner ………………………………………………. the use of vaccination to prevent disease.

6. I wonder who ………………………………………………. the very first computer.

7. Einstein ………………………………………………. the theory of relativity which replaced Newton’s theories.

8. Florence Nightingale ………………………………………………. effective nursing care and improvements in public health.

9. In 1930 Clyde Tombaugh ………………………………………………. Pluto after many years ………………………………………………. the night sky.


Key.

  1. Discovered
  2. Studying – developed
  3. Designed
  4. Discovered
  5. Pioneered
  6. Invented 
  7. Developed
  8. Pioneered
  9. Discovered – studying

This cheap 3D-printed home is a start for the 1 billion who lack shelter


Food, water, and shelter are basic human needs, but 1.2 billion people in the world live without adequate housing. Now at SXSW, an Austin-based recent business will unveil its approach to combat that deficiency by using low-cost 3D printing as a potential solution.
ICON has developed a method for printing a single-story 650-square-foot house out of cement in only 12 to 24 hours, a fraction of the time it takes for new construction. If all goes according to plan, a community made up of about 100 homes will be constructed for residents in El Salvador next year. The company has partnered with New Story, a nonprofit that is interested in international housing solutions. They have been building homes for communities in Haiti, El Salvador, and Bolivia.
The first model, scheduled to be unveiled in Austin, is a step toward providing shelter to those in underserved communities. Jason Ballard, one of ICON’s three founders, says he is going to trial the model as an office to test out their practical use. “We are going to install air quality monitors. How does it look, and how does it smell?”
The model has a living room, bedroom, bathroom, and a curved porch. “There are a few other companies that have printed homes and structures,” Ballard says. “But they are printed in a warehouse, or they look like Yoda huts. For this venture to succeed, they have to be the best houses.” The use of cement as a common material will help normalize the process for potential tenants that question the sturdiness of the structure. “I think if we were printing in plastic we would encounter some issues.”
  
Question 1. Say whether the following statements are true or false. Give evidence from the text.
1.     1.2 billion do not have food or water.
2.     New Story is making money by giving homes to people in need.
3.     The model won't be used as a home.
4.     Ballard wants good quality houses.
5.     Using platic instead of cement would cause some problems.


Question 3. Find words and expressions which mean the same as:
1.     acceptable
2.     residence
3.     make known
4.     as expected
5.     associate
6.     charitable
7.     give
8.     poor
9.     shed
10.  firmness, strength



KEY
Question 1
1.     False.” Food, water and shelter are basic human needs, but 1.2 billion live without adequate housing.”
2.     False. “ New Story, a nonprofit that is interested in international housing solutions.”
3.     True. “ Jason Ballard, one of ICON's three founders, says he is going to trial he model as an office to test out their practical use.”
4.     True. “For this venture to succeed , they have to be the best houses”
5.     True.” I think if we were printing in plastic, we would encounter some issues.”

Question 3
     1. adequate        2. housing          3. to unveil       4. according to plan      
      5. partnered / to partner         6. nonprofit         7. providing / to provide                       8. underserved                       9. huts              10. sturdiness