martes, 6 de febrero de 2018

Fake News


Newspaper vocabulary


Complete the sentences by using the following words


Use each word once only.

Caption                   Cartoon                                   Circulation
Comic strip             Crossword                               Editorial
Feature                   Gossip column                        Headline
Horoscope              Obituary                                  Preview
Review                    Supplement                            Tabloid


  1. The …………………. At the top of the page said “TALKS FAIL”
  2. The newspaper has increased its ………………….. 2,000 copies a day.
  3. He was unhappy at some of the comments in the …………..of his latest film.
  4. I always turn to the ………….. first. I love reading about the private lives of famous people.
  5. I like the ……………they’ve put below this picture.
  6. I prefer a …………………newspaper because it’s a more convenient size.
  7. They did a full-page special ……………………on poverty in inner city areas.
  8. She drew the political……………..on the front page.
  9. I must read my ………………to see if I’m going to have a good day.
  10. The critics went to a special ……………………….of the musical, which opens next week.
  11. In his ………………it sais he died of a heart attack.
  12. The guide to the air show came as a free…………….….to the local newspaper.
  13. I only need one more word to complete the ……………………….
  14. If there’s an exciting ………….., people will keep buying the newspaper to see what happens next.
  15. There was a short but effective………….giving the newspaper’s opinion of the new defence policy.

KEY

  1. Headline
  2. Circulation
  3. Review
  4. Gossip column
  5. Caption
  6. Tabloid
  7. Feature
  8. Cartoon
  9. Horoscope
  10. Preview
  11. Obituary
  12. Supplement
  13. Crossword
  14. Comic strip
  15. Editorial

From Build up your vocabulary. LTP.

Facebook’s tips for spotting fake news



Use each of these tips for spotting fake news to complete sentences below

1)    Be sceptical of headlines
2)    Check the dates
3)    Check the evidence
4)    Check the photos
5)    Check the source
6)    Is the story a joke?
7)    Look at other reports
8)    Look closely at the URL
9)    Some stories are intentionally false.
10) Watch for unusual formatting

1)  _______________________ The headlines of fake news stories are often catchy, and contain lots of capital letters and exclamation marks. If claims in the headline sound unbelievable, they may well be.
2)  _______________________  Many false news stories mimic authentic news sources by making small changes to the site address. You can go to the site to compare them to established sources.
3)  _______________________ Ensure the story comes from one with a reputation for accuracy. If the story comes from a site you have not heard of, check their “About” section to learn more.
4)   _______________________ Many false news stories often contain spelling and grammar errors, as well as an awkward looking layout.
5)  _______________________ False news stories often contain manipulated images or videos. Sometimes the y may be authentic, but taken out of context. You can do an internet search of the image to find out where it came from.
6)  _______________________ Fake news stories may contain timelines that make no sense, or event dates which are wrong or have been altered.
7)   _______________________ Check the author’s sources to confirm they are accurate. Lack of confirmation, or a reliance on unnamed experts may indicate false news.
8)   _______________________ If no other news source is reporting the same story, it could indicate that it is false.
9)  _______________________ Sometimes false news stories can be hard to distinguish from humourous articles. Check whether the source is known for parody, and whether the story’s details and tone suggest it may be just for fun.
10)                _______________________ Think critically about the stories that you read, and only share articles which you know to be credible.

KEY

1)    Be sceptical of headlines.
2)    Look closely at the URL.
3)    Check the source.
4)    Watch for unusual formatting.
5)    Check the photos.
6)    Check the dates.
7)    Check the evidence.
8)    Look at other reports.
9)    Is the story a joke?

10) Some stories are intentionally false. 

Fake news: What exactly is it?

            "Fake news" was not a term many people used 18 months ago, but it is now seen as one of the greatest threats to democracy, free debate and the Western order. It has been named the word of the year, raised tensions between nations, and may lead to regulation of social media. And yet, nobody can agree on what it is, how much of a problem it is, and what to do about it.
            Governments and powerful individuals have used information as a weapon for millennia, to boost their support. From a campaign of disinformation to aid victory in the final war of the Roman Republic to the 20th century, different forms of communication have been by governments. Added to that, as populations became more used to mass communication, they could more easily see through it.
            Before the internet, it was much more expensive to distribute information, building up trust took years, and there were much simpler definitions of what constituted news and media, making regulation or self-regulation easier. But the rise of social media has broken down many of the boundaries that prevented fake news from spreading in democracies. In particular it has allowed anyone to create and disseminate information.
            Facebook and Twitter allowed people to exchange information on a much greater scale than ever before, while publishing platforms like WordPress allowed anyone to create a dynamic website with ease. In short, the barriers to creating fake news have been undone.
            After widespread criticism that the companies are failing to deal with fake news, Twitter, Facebook and Google have all announced measures to crack down on misinformation online. Facebook, which has faced the most scrutiny, says it is enlisting fact checkers to flag stories, cutting off advertising to fake news sites, and better reviewing adverts on the site. Twitter says it has become better at dealing with bots, and Google has promised better algorithms to police YouTube.
            However, critics continue to argue that not enough is being done, and that the tech companies are reluctant to take action, for fear of being seen as biased.
            Spotting fake news isn't easy: a Stanford study last year found that students were shockingly bad at distinguishing between different types of material online, whether paid for, fake or legitimate. Facebook has a useful list of ways to spot fake news, which include checking other sources and a site's URL.

Adapted from The Telegraph

Question 1: [2 POINTS] Indicate whether the following statements are true or false and write down which part of the text justifies your answer.
           
            a) There is already a legislation on fake news on social media.
            b) Internet has made the delivery of information cheaper.
            c) It is very easy to create a website thanks to Facebook or Twitter.
            d) Young people are the best at spotting fake news.


Question 3: [1,5 POINTS] Find words or phrases in the text that correspond to the words and definitions given.
           
            a) to discern (par.2)
            b) limit (par.3)
            c) extensive (par.5)
            d) close examination (par.5)
            e) influenced (par.6)

           

Question 5: [3 POINTS] Write a short essay (about 120-150 words) on the following topic:

How can the use of social media affect our daily life?


KEY

Question 1: [2 POINTS] Indicate whether the following statements are true or false and write down which part of the text justifies your answer.
           
            a) FALSE “ may lead to regulation of social media”
            b) TRUE “Before the internet, it was much more expensive to distribute information,”
            c) FALSE “ publishing platforms like WordPress allowed anyone to create a dynamic website with ease”
            d) FALSE “ students were shockingly bad at distinguishing between different types of material online, whether paid for, fake or legitimate”


Question 3: [1,5 POINTS] Find words or phrases in the text that correspond to the words and definitions given.
           
            a) see through
            b) boundary/boundaries
            c) widespread
            d) scrutiny
            e) biased




            

Fake News multiple choice

Nope, A Woman Didn't Fake Being Blind For 28 Years To Avoid Social Interactions

         A story about a Spanish woman pretending to be blind for 28 years to avoid social interactions has gone massively viral. Unfortunately, it's not true. The viral hoax started as a joke on a satirical Spanish website.
         The hoax originated with the satirical Spanish website Hay Noticia, the tagline of which translates to "Don't believe everything on the internet."  According to the satirical story, a 57-year-old woman named Carmen Jiménez faked being blind for almost three decades because she didn't like small talk.
         "I was tired of seeing people and stopping to say hello. I've never been very social, and pretending to be blind has avoided many social commitments," the fictitious Jiménez is quoted as saying.
         The hoax, versions of which were published on viral aggregators like Viral Thread and Oddity Central, has got tens of thousands of shares, comments, and reactions on Facebook. The Irish celebrity gossip magazine RSVP even attributed one of Jiménez's quotes to a non-existent Sky News interview.
         The photo accompanying most of the stories, showing a blonde woman with glasses, is a free stock image available from Pixabay.
         An Instagram post with Lowthion's image on the fake story has got almost 250,000 likes since it was uploaded by the popular account FuckJerry, which has more than 12 million followers. Lowthion told an Isle of Wight newspaper she was surprised to see her face associated with a viral hoax, although being a public figure means there are many photos of her online.
         "But 12.2 million followers? And saying I'm a 57-year-old Spanish woman?! I'm not sure that's so much of a compliment," Lowthion told the Isle of Wight County Press.
From Buzzfeed.com

Choose the most suitable answer (a, b, or c) according to the text.

  1. The woman pretended to be blind...
a. as if to avoid social interactions.
b. so to avoid social interactions.
c. in order to avoid social interactions.

  1. The woman faked being blind...
a. for nearly thirty years.
b. during nearly thirty years.
c. since nearly thirty years.

  1. According to magazine RSVP, the woman...
a. interviewed Sky News.
b. was interviewed by Sky News.
c. was interviewed by RSVP.

  1. There are many photos of Lowthion online...
a. as a result of being a public figure.
b. although she is a public figure.
c. even though she is a public figure.

KEY
1-c, 2-a, 3-b, 4-a